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NEUROLOGY AND OPHTALMOLOGY

Academic year and teacher
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Versione italiana
Academic year
2022/2023
Teacher
MAURA PUGLIATTI
Credits
10
Didactic period
Secondo Semestre

Training objectives

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006150 - NEUROLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Neuroradiology
1. Knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course, students will have developed knowledge and understanding so as to be able to describe and correlate fundamentals and specific contents of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. They will be able to show understanding of conceptual framework and reasoning upon the mentioned subject matters including gender/sex-related issues. Students will have acquired such skills through participation to formal lectures, practical sessions and focus groups which will address a transversal integration across the educational modules.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course students will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding to address individuals’ health status with special regards to gender/sex-related issues, as well as those of other minorities and on innovative issues concerning Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. Clinical competence will be addressed to face the complexity of population’s health status and that of single subgroups and patients, including an interaction between biological, socio-cultural and gender/sex-specific determinants. Special focus will be given to practical educational sessions for the four mentioned disciplines under guided tutorials. The students’ capability to apply knowledge will be tested with simulations of clinical cases and situations, as well as through the scientific literature, with a patient-centered approach.
3. Making judgements
By the end of the Course students will have acquired the capacity to integrate knowledge on disease complexity and formulate judgments also based on limited information in the mentioned disciplines, including considering the patient’s socio-cultural context and ethical issues. By the end of the Course, students will: 1) show a critical and research evidence-based oriented oriented approach to the problem, in line with evidence-based principles, 2) elaborate personal judgments to solve analytical and complex problems by trying to search scientific information on their own, 3) elaborate hypotheses, collect and critically evaluate the data considering complexity, uncertainty and probability in decision making, 4) show how to take care of their patients in line with the deontological code, 5) exhibit reflections and reasoning on own professional activity in relation to patients and other operators, methodology used, achieved results, personal and emotional experience.
4. Communication
By the end of the Course students will have developed good comunicative skills to both peer operators and patients. They will have learnt how to (i) listen and summarize relevant information about topics in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology, understanding contents and elaborating ways to share them with patients and parents, (ii) communicate efficaciously with colleagues, community and in team work, (iii) show sensibility towards personal and cultural aspects improving interactions with patients and community, (iv) face critical situations from a communicative perspective.
5. Learning outcomes
By the end of the Course students will have developed learning skills enabling them to continue to study autonomously. They will be able to collect, organize and critically interpret new upcoming scientific knowledge as well as biomedical information on Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology from different sources and available databases. They will have learnt how to critically derive such information using communication technology as decisional support systems in the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis and for health status surveillance. These skills will be achieved through all educational sessions within the mentioned disciplines.

All 5 educational aims will be assessed for each module in line with the expected learning results as well as through educational practical sessions.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006991/2 - NEUROCHIRURGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Neuroradiology
1. Knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course, students will have developed knowledge and understanding so as to be able to describe and correlate fundamentals and specific contents of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. They will be able to show understanding of conceptual framework and reasoning upon the mentioned subject matters including gender/sex-related issues. Students will have acquired such skills through participation to formal lectures, practical sessions and focus groups which will address a transversal integration across the educational modules.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course students will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding to address individuals’ health status with special regards to gender/sex-related issues, as well as those of other minorities and on innovative issues concerning Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. Clinical competence will be addressed to face the complexity of population’s health status and that of single subgroups and patients, including an interaction between biological, socio-cultural and gender/sex-specific determinants. Special focus will be given to practical educational sessions for the four mentioned disciplines under guided tutorials. The students’ capability to apply knowledge will be tested with simulations of clinical cases and situations, as well as through the scientific literature, with a patient-centered approach.
3. Making judgements
By the end of the Course students will have acquired the capacity to integrate knowledge on disease complexity and formulate judgments also based on limited information in the mentioned disciplines, including considering the patient’s socio-cultural context and ethical issues. By the end of the Course, students will: 1) show a critical and research evidence-based oriented oriented approach to the problem, in line with evidence-based principles, 2) elaborate personal judgments to solve analytical and complex problems by trying to search scientific information on their own, 3) elaborate hypotheses, collect and critically evaluate the data considering complexity, uncertainty and probability in decision making, 4) show how to take care of their patients in line with the deontological code, 5) exhibit reflections and reasoning on own professional activity in relation to patients and other operators, methodology used, achieved results, personal and emotional experience.
4. Communication
By the end of the Course students will have developed good comunicative skills to both peer operators and patients. They will have learnt how to (i) listen and summarize relevant information about topics in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology, understanding contents and elaborating ways to share them with patients and parents, (ii) communicate efficaciously with colleagues, community and in team work, (iii) show sensibility towards personal and cultural aspects improving interactions with patients and community, (iv) face critical situations from a communicative perspective.
5. Learning outcomes
By the end of the Course students will have developed learning skills enabling them to continue to study autonomously. They will be able to collect, organize and critically interpret new upcoming scientific knowledge as well as biomedical information on Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology from different sources and available databases. They will have learnt how to critically derive such information using communication technology as decisional support systems in the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis and for health status surveillance. These skills will be achieved through all educational sessions within the mentioned disciplines.

All 5 educational aims will be assessed for each module in line with the expected learning results as well as through educational practical sessions.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47586 - NEURORADIOLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Neuroradiology
1. Knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course, students will have developed knowledge and understanding so as to be able to describe and correlate fundamentals and specific contents of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. They will be able to show understanding of conceptual framework and reasoning upon the mentioned subject matters including gender/sex-related issues. Students will have acquired such skills through participation to formal lectures, practical sessions and focus groups which will address a transversal integration across the educational modules.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course students will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding to address individuals’ health status with special regards to gender/sex-related issues, as well as those of other minorities and on innovative issues concerning Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. Clinical competence will be addressed to face the complexity of population’s health status and that of single subgroups and patients, including an interaction between biological, socio-cultural and gender/sex-specific determinants. Special focus will be given to practical educational sessions for the four mentioned disciplines under guided tutorials. The students’ capability to apply knowledge will be tested with simulations of clinical cases and situations, as well as through the scientific literature, with a patient-centered approach.
3. Making judgements
By the end of the Course students will have acquired the capacity to integrate knowledge on disease complexity and formulate judgments also based on limited information in the mentioned disciplines, including considering the patient’s socio-cultural context and ethical issues. By the end of the Course, students will: 1) show a critical and research evidence-based oriented oriented approach to the problem, in line with evidence-based principles, 2) elaborate personal judgments to solve analytical and complex problems by trying to search scientific information on their own, 3) elaborate hypotheses, collect and critically evaluate the data considering complexity, uncertainty and probability in decision making, 4) show how to take care of their patients in line with the deontological code, 5) exhibit reflections and reasoning on own professional activity in relation to patients and other operators, methodology used, achieved results, personal and emotional experience.
4. Communication
By the end of the Course students will have developed good comunicative skills to both peer operators and patients. They will have learnt how to (i) listen and summarize relevant information about topics in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology, understanding contents and elaborating ways to share them with patients and parents, (ii) communicate efficaciously with colleagues, community and in team work, (iii) show sensibility towards personal and cultural aspects improving interactions with patients and community, (iv) face critical situations from a communicative perspective.
5. Learning outcomes
By the end of the Course students will have developed learning skills enabling them to continue to study autonomously. They will be able to collect, organize and critically interpret new upcoming scientific knowledge as well as biomedical information on Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology from different sources and available databases. They will have learnt how to critically derive such information using communication technology as decisional support systems in the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis and for health status surveillance. These skills will be achieved through all educational sessions within the mentioned disciplines.

All 5 educational aims will be assessed for each module in line with the expected learning results as well as through educational practical sessions.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47952 - MALATTIE APPARATO VISIVO
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Neuroradiology
1. Knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course, students will have developed knowledge and understanding so as to be able to describe and correlate fundamentals and specific contents of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. They will be able to show understanding of conceptual framework and reasoning upon the mentioned subject matters including gender/sex-related issues. Students will have acquired such skills through participation to formal lectures, practical sessions and focus groups which will address a transversal integration across the educational modules.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding
By the end of the Course students will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding to address individuals’ health status with special regards to gender/sex-related issues, as well as those of other minorities and on innovative issues concerning Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology. Clinical competence will be addressed to face the complexity of population’s health status and that of single subgroups and patients, including an interaction between biological, socio-cultural and gender/sex-specific determinants. Special focus will be given to practical educational sessions for the four mentioned disciplines under guided tutorials. The students’ capability to apply knowledge will be tested with simulations of clinical cases and situations, as well as through the scientific literature, with a patient-centered approach.
3. Making judgements
By the end of the Course students will have acquired the capacity to integrate knowledge on disease complexity and formulate judgments also based on limited information in the mentioned disciplines, including considering the patient’s socio-cultural context and ethical issues. By the end of the Course, students will: 1) show a critical and research evidence-based oriented oriented approach to the problem, in line with evidence-based principles, 2) elaborate personal judgments to solve analytical and complex problems by trying to search scientific information on their own, 3) elaborate hypotheses, collect and critically evaluate the data considering complexity, uncertainty and probability in decision making, 4) show how to take care of their patients in line with the deontological code, 5) exhibit reflections and reasoning on own professional activity in relation to patients and other operators, methodology used, achieved results, personal and emotional experience.
4. Communication
By the end of the Course students will have developed good comunicative skills to both peer operators and patients. They will have learnt how to (i) listen and summarize relevant information about topics in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology, understanding contents and elaborating ways to share them with patients and parents, (ii) communicate efficaciously with colleagues, community and in team work, (iii) show sensibility towards personal and cultural aspects improving interactions with patients and community, (iv) face critical situations from a communicative perspective.
5. Learning outcomes
By the end of the Course students will have developed learning skills enabling them to continue to study autonomously. They will be able to collect, organize and critically interpret new upcoming scientific knowledge as well as biomedical information on Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Neuroradiology from different sources and available databases. They will have learnt how to critically derive such information using communication technology as decisional support systems in the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis and for health status surveillance. These skills will be achieved through all educational sessions within the mentioned disciplines.

All 5 educational aims will be assessed for each module in line with the expected learning results as well as through educational practical sessions.

Prerequisites

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006150 - NEUROLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology and Neurosurgery
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system

Ophthalmology
Basic knowledge of physics, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, general pathology, pharmacology, pathology, endocrinology, immunology

Neuroradiology
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the central and peripheral nervous


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006991/2 - NEUROCHIRURGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology and Neurosurgery
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system

Ophthalmology
Basic knowledge of physics, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, general pathology, pharmacology, pathology, endocrinology, immunology

Neuroradiology
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the central and peripheral nervous


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47586 - NEURORADIOLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology and Neurosurgery
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system

Ophthalmology
Basic knowledge of physics, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, general pathology, pharmacology, pathology, endocrinology, immunology

Neuroradiology
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the central and peripheral nervous


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47952 - MALATTIE APPARATO VISIVO
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology and Neurosurgery
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the nervous system

Ophthalmology
Basic knowledge of physics, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, general pathology, pharmacology, pathology, endocrinology, immunology

Neuroradiology
Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the central and peripheral nervous

Course programme

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006150 - NEUROLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
SEMIOTICS
Motor function, Sensory function, Cortical functions (language, apraxia, agnosia, amnesia, spatial disorders, body scheme disorders, intellectual functions).
Psychoorganic sindrome
Functions of cranial and spinal nerves
Acute and chronic pain
Lumbar puncture and analysis of cephalo-spinal fluid (CSF)
NEUROLOGICA SYNDROMES
Spinal cord syndromes. Bulbar, pontine and mesencephalic syndromes. Cerebellar syndromes. Cerebral cortical syndromes. Thalamic, hypothalamic syndromes. Abnormal intracranial pressure syndromes. Disorders of consciousness and coma. Neurovegetative syndromes.
DISORDERS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
Inflammatory disorders.
Acute and chronic vascula disorders
Dementia
Disorders of the extrapyramidal system
Demyelinating disorders
Epileptic seizures and epilepsy
Headache and facial and cranial pain
Motoneuron diseases
Hereditary spastic ataxia and paraparesis
Toxic and metabolic disorders
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system
Muscle disorders
Myasthenia gravis and myasthenic syndromes
Congenital disorders.
Genetic metabolic disorders
Disorders of the neurovegetative system o dysauthonomias
Sleep disorders
Neurological complicances of internistic diseases
NEUROLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
Coma, Encephalitides. Meningitides. Acute visual disturbances. Acute polyneuritides. Myasthenic Crisis. Cholinergic crisis. Statu epilepticus.
GENDER NEUROLOGY
See ‘Educational Aims’.
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS
Electroneurography, electromyography, electroencephalography, multiomodal evoked potential.

Neurosurgery
CSF dynamics alterations: Hydrocephalus, benign intracranial hypertension
Intracranial Hypertension and hypotension: Alteration of intracranial pressure. Management of intracranial hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid leak
Head trauma: GCS. Skull fractures. Posttraumatic parenchimal injuries. Epidural hematoma. Subdural hematoma. Intraparenchymal haematoma
Tumors: general information: Primary brain tumors. Pediatric brain tumors. Brain metastases. Pituitary adenomas
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries. ASIA score. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes

Ophthalmology
Embryology, anatomy and physiology of the eye.
Diseases of eyelids and adnexa. Diseases of the eye.
Diseases of the orbit.
Neuro-ophthalmology.
Eye diseases related to systemic diseases.
Orbital and ocular traumatology.
Prevention in ophthalmology.
Pediatric ophthalmology.
Physiopathologic optics (physiology of vision, binocular vision, refractive defects, strabismus)
Rare eye diseases

Neuroradiology
Neuroradiological semeiology of the central and peripheral nervous system and spine
Management of different imaging technique (CT, MRI, angiography)
Inflammatory desease
Brain trauma
Brain tumors
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations, acute ischemic stroke, diagnosis and endovascular treatment.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006991/2 - NEUROCHIRURGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
SEMIOTICS
Motor function, Sensory function, Cortical functions (language, apraxia, agnosia, amnesia, spatial disorders, body scheme disorders, intellectual functions).
Psychoorganic sindrome
Functions of cranial and spinal nerves
Acute and chronic pain
Lumbar puncture and analysis of cephalo-spinal fluid (CSF)
NEUROLOGICA SYNDROMES
Spinal cord syndromes. Bulbar, pontine and mesencephalic syndromes. Cerebellar syndromes. Cerebral cortical syndromes. Thalamic, hypothalamic syndromes. Abnormal intracranial pressure syndromes. Disorders of consciousness and coma. Neurovegetative syndromes.
DISORDERS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
Inflammatory disorders.
Acute and chronic vascula disorders
Dementia
Disorders of the extrapyramidal system
Demyelinating disorders
Epileptic seizures and epilepsy
Headache and facial and cranial pain
Motoneuron diseases
Hereditary spastic ataxia and paraparesis
Toxic and metabolic disorders
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system
Muscle disorders
Myasthenia gravis and myasthenic syndromes
Congenital disorders.
Genetic metabolic disorders
Disorders of the neurovegetative system o dysauthonomias
Sleep disorders
Neurological complicances of internistic diseases
NEUROLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
Coma, Encephalitides. Meningitides. Acute visual disturbances. Acute polyneuritides. Myasthenic Crisis. Cholinergic crisis. Statu epilepticus.
GENDER NEUROLOGY
See ‘Educational Aims’.
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS
Electroneurography, electromyography, electroencephalography, multiomodal evoked potential.

Neurosurgery
CSF dynamics alterations: Hydrocephalus, benign intracranial hypertension
Intracranial Hypertension and hypotension: Alteration of intracranial pressure. Management of intracranial hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid leak
Head trauma: GCS. Skull fractures. Posttraumatic parenchimal injuries. Epidural hematoma. Subdural hematoma. Intraparenchymal haematoma
Tumors: general information: Primary brain tumors. Pediatric brain tumors. Brain metastases. Pituitary adenomas
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries. ASIA score. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes

Ophthalmology
Embryology, anatomy and physiology of the eye.
Diseases of eyelids and adnexa. Diseases of the eye.
Diseases of the orbit.
Neuro-ophthalmology.
Eye diseases related to systemic diseases.
Orbital and ocular traumatology.
Prevention in ophthalmology.
Pediatric ophthalmology.
Physiopathologic optics (physiology of vision, binocular vision, refractive defects, strabismus)
Rare eye diseases

Neuroradiology
Neuroradiological semeiology of the central and peripheral nervous system and spine
Management of different imaging technique (CT, MRI, angiography)
Inflammatory desease
Brain trauma
Brain tumors
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations, acute ischemic stroke, diagnosis and endovascular treatment.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47586 - NEURORADIOLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
SEMIOTICS
Motor function, Sensory function, Cortical functions (language, apraxia, agnosia, amnesia, spatial disorders, body scheme disorders, intellectual functions).
Psychoorganic sindrome
Functions of cranial and spinal nerves
Acute and chronic pain
Lumbar puncture and analysis of cephalo-spinal fluid (CSF)
NEUROLOGICA SYNDROMES
Spinal cord syndromes. Bulbar, pontine and mesencephalic syndromes. Cerebellar syndromes. Cerebral cortical syndromes. Thalamic, hypothalamic syndromes. Abnormal intracranial pressure syndromes. Disorders of consciousness and coma. Neurovegetative syndromes.
DISORDERS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
Inflammatory disorders.
Acute and chronic vascula disorders
Dementia
Disorders of the extrapyramidal system
Demyelinating disorders
Epileptic seizures and epilepsy
Headache and facial and cranial pain
Motoneuron diseases
Hereditary spastic ataxia and paraparesis
Toxic and metabolic disorders
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system
Muscle disorders
Myasthenia gravis and myasthenic syndromes
Congenital disorders.
Genetic metabolic disorders
Disorders of the neurovegetative system o dysauthonomias
Sleep disorders
Neurological complicances of internistic diseases
NEUROLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
Coma, Encephalitides. Meningitides. Acute visual disturbances. Acute polyneuritides. Myasthenic Crisis. Cholinergic crisis. Statu epilepticus.
GENDER NEUROLOGY
See ‘Educational Aims’.
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS
Electroneurography, electromyography, electroencephalography, multiomodal evoked potential.

Neurosurgery
CSF dynamics alterations: Hydrocephalus, benign intracranial hypertension
Intracranial Hypertension and hypotension: Alteration of intracranial pressure. Management of intracranial hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid leak
Head trauma: GCS. Skull fractures. Posttraumatic parenchimal injuries. Epidural hematoma. Subdural hematoma. Intraparenchymal haematoma
Tumors: general information: Primary brain tumors. Pediatric brain tumors. Brain metastases. Pituitary adenomas
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries. ASIA score. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes

Ophthalmology
Embryology, anatomy and physiology of the eye.
Diseases of eyelids and adnexa. Diseases of the eye.
Diseases of the orbit.
Neuro-ophthalmology.
Eye diseases related to systemic diseases.
Orbital and ocular traumatology.
Prevention in ophthalmology.
Pediatric ophthalmology.
Physiopathologic optics (physiology of vision, binocular vision, refractive defects, strabismus)
Rare eye diseases

Neuroradiology
Neuroradiological semeiology of the central and peripheral nervous system and spine
Management of different imaging technique (CT, MRI, angiography)
Inflammatory desease
Brain trauma
Brain tumors
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations, acute ischemic stroke, diagnosis and endovascular treatment.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47952 - MALATTIE APPARATO VISIVO
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
SEMIOTICS
Motor function, Sensory function, Cortical functions (language, apraxia, agnosia, amnesia, spatial disorders, body scheme disorders, intellectual functions).
Psychoorganic sindrome
Functions of cranial and spinal nerves
Acute and chronic pain
Lumbar puncture and analysis of cephalo-spinal fluid (CSF)
NEUROLOGICA SYNDROMES
Spinal cord syndromes. Bulbar, pontine and mesencephalic syndromes. Cerebellar syndromes. Cerebral cortical syndromes. Thalamic, hypothalamic syndromes. Abnormal intracranial pressure syndromes. Disorders of consciousness and coma. Neurovegetative syndromes.
DISORDERS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
Inflammatory disorders.
Acute and chronic vascula disorders
Dementia
Disorders of the extrapyramidal system
Demyelinating disorders
Epileptic seizures and epilepsy
Headache and facial and cranial pain
Motoneuron diseases
Hereditary spastic ataxia and paraparesis
Toxic and metabolic disorders
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system
Muscle disorders
Myasthenia gravis and myasthenic syndromes
Congenital disorders.
Genetic metabolic disorders
Disorders of the neurovegetative system o dysauthonomias
Sleep disorders
Neurological complicances of internistic diseases
NEUROLOGICAL EMERGENCIES
Coma, Encephalitides. Meningitides. Acute visual disturbances. Acute polyneuritides. Myasthenic Crisis. Cholinergic crisis. Statu epilepticus.
GENDER NEUROLOGY
See ‘Educational Aims’.
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS
Electroneurography, electromyography, electroencephalography, multiomodal evoked potential.

Neurosurgery
CSF dynamics alterations: Hydrocephalus, benign intracranial hypertension
Intracranial Hypertension and hypotension: Alteration of intracranial pressure. Management of intracranial hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid leak
Head trauma: GCS. Skull fractures. Posttraumatic parenchimal injuries. Epidural hematoma. Subdural hematoma. Intraparenchymal haematoma
Tumors: general information: Primary brain tumors. Pediatric brain tumors. Brain metastases. Pituitary adenomas
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries. ASIA score. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes

Ophthalmology
Embryology, anatomy and physiology of the eye.
Diseases of eyelids and adnexa. Diseases of the eye.
Diseases of the orbit.
Neuro-ophthalmology.
Eye diseases related to systemic diseases.
Orbital and ocular traumatology.
Prevention in ophthalmology.
Pediatric ophthalmology.
Physiopathologic optics (physiology of vision, binocular vision, refractive defects, strabismus)
Rare eye diseases

Neuroradiology
Neuroradiological semeiology of the central and peripheral nervous system and spine
Management of different imaging technique (CT, MRI, angiography)
Inflammatory desease
Brain trauma
Brain tumors
Vascular Pathology: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and aneurisms. SAH and vascular malformations, acute ischemic stroke, diagnosis and endovascular treatment.
Spine Pathology: Degenerative pathology (intervertebral disc herniation; spinal stenosis). Spine Injuries.

Didactic methods

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006150 - NEUROLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurological inpatients wards, at Day Hospital, outpatients clinics, lab of clinical neurophysiology, lab of neurochemistry.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.
Evaluative Practical Training.

Neurosurgery
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurosurgical wards, at Day Surgery, outpatients clinics, operating rooms.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.

Ophthalmology
Frontal lessons. Training in operating rooms and outpatients clinics.

Neuroradiology
Frontal lessons. Participation in executing and reporting of CT and MRI examination. Observation during endovascular procedures or percutaneous spine procedures.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006991/2 - NEUROCHIRURGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurological inpatients wards, at Day Hospital, outpatients clinics, lab of clinical neurophysiology, lab of neurochemistry.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.
Evaluative Practical Training.

Neurosurgery
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurosurgical wards, at Day Surgery, outpatients clinics, operating rooms.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.

Ophthalmology
Frontal lessons. Training in operating rooms and outpatients clinics.

Neuroradiology
Frontal lessons. Participation in executing and reporting of CT and MRI examination. Observation during endovascular procedures or percutaneous spine procedures.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47586 - NEURORADIOLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurological inpatients wards, at Day Hospital, outpatients clinics, lab of clinical neurophysiology, lab of neurochemistry.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.
Evaluative Practical Training.

Neurosurgery
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurosurgical wards, at Day Surgery, outpatients clinics, operating rooms.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.

Ophthalmology
Frontal lessons. Training in operating rooms and outpatients clinics.

Neuroradiology
Frontal lessons. Participation in executing and reporting of CT and MRI examination. Observation during endovascular procedures or percutaneous spine procedures.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47952 - MALATTIE APPARATO VISIVO
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurological inpatients wards, at Day Hospital, outpatients clinics, lab of clinical neurophysiology, lab of neurochemistry.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.
Evaluative Practical Training.

Neurosurgery
Frontal lessons. Distance learning. Focus Groups.
Practical Training in neurosurgical wards, at Day Surgery, outpatients clinics, operating rooms.
Participation at seminars and workshops, advanced courses.

Ophthalmology
Frontal lessons. Training in operating rooms and outpatients clinics.

Neuroradiology
Frontal lessons. Participation in executing and reporting of CT and MRI examination. Observation during endovascular procedures or percutaneous spine procedures.

Learning assessment procedures

Neurology
‘In person’ or ‘in streaming’ oral examinations to assess: neurological semeiotics and etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology and clinical presentations/manifestations of the disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system, neuromuscular junctions and muscle; differential diagnosis and diagnostic tools. Gender aspects of neurological disorders.
Duration of exam is 20-30 minutes per student on average;
See Educational Aims.

Neurosurgery
Oral exam. About 3 questions on: semeiotics of trauma, neurosurgical emergencies, neurosurgical diseases: diagnosis and treatment
Ophthalmology
Oral exam: Answer 3 questions about several arguments in 15-20 min (clarity of presentation, correlation skills and communication skills are assessed)
Neuroradiology
‘In person’ or ‘in streaming’ oral examinations
About 3 questions on this topics::
1) Neuroradiological anatomy
2) Neurological emergency
3) Clinical case discussion

FINAL SCORE
Weighted mean of the single scores obtained in each discipline: Neurology=4CFU, Ophthalmology=3CFU, Neurosurgery=1CFU, Neuroradiology=1CFU.

Reference texts

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 006150 - NEUROLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
• Learning material delivered in classes.
• Textbooks:
o Masson M., Masson C., Dehen H. Cambier J., Edra Masson e Claudio Mariani Pierluigi Bertora. NEUROLOGIA (1 mar. 2013)
o Lenzi G., Di Piero V., Padovani A. Compendio di Neurologia, Piccin, Padova, 2013
Federico A., Caltagirone C., Provinciali L., Tedeschi G., Neurologia Pratica, EDIses, Napoli, 2014
o Pinessi L., Gentile S., Rainero I, Neurology book. Neuroanatomofisiologia e semeiotica neurologica. [Doppia Versione: italiano e inglese], Edi-Ermes, Milano, 2012
o Fazio Loeb. Neurologia. 2019. SEU Universo
o Elan D. Louis, Stephan A. Mayer, James M. Noble. Merritt's Neurology. Wolters Kluwer 2021.

Neurosurgery
Mark S. Greenberg, Handbook of Neurosurgery, Thieme, May 2016

Ophthalmology
Dispense di Oftalmologia (disponibile sul sito web)
Miglior M. et al., Oftalmologia Clinica, Monduzzi 2006
Kanski's Clinical Ophtalmology, A Systematic Approach, Elsevier, 8th edition 2015
Sborgia C., Delle Noci N., Malattie dell'apparato visivo, Piccin 2004

Neuroradiology
Manuale di neuroradiologia di Andreula - Cirillo - Gallucci – Scarabino 2016
Neuroradiologia di Cesare Colosimo 2013


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Modulo: 006991/2 - NEUROCHIRURGIA
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Neurology
• Learning material delivered in classes.
• Textbooks:
o Masson M., Masson C., Dehen H. Cambier J., Edra Masson e Claudio Mariani Pierluigi Bertora. NEUROLOGIA (1 mar. 2013)
o Lenzi G., Di Piero V., Padovani A. Compendio di Neurologia, Piccin, Padova, 2013
Federico A., Caltagirone C., Provinciali L., Tedeschi G., Neurologia Pratica, EDIses, Napoli, 2014
o Pinessi L., Gentile S., Rainero I, Neurology book. Neuroanatomofisiologia e semeiotica neurologica. [Doppia Versione: italiano e inglese], Edi-Ermes, Milano, 2012
o Fazio Loeb. Neurologia. 2019. SEU Universo
o Elan D. Louis, Stephan A. Mayer, James M. Noble. Merritt's Neurology. Wolters Kluwer 2021.

Neurosurgery
Mark S. Greenberg, Handbook of Neurosurgery, Thieme, May 2016

Ophthalmology
Dispense di Oftalmologia (disponibile sul sito web)
Miglior M. et al., Oftalmologia Clinica, Monduzzi 2006
Kanski's Clinical Ophtalmology, A Systematic Approach, Elsevier, 8th edition 2015
Sborgia C., Delle Noci N., Malattie dell'apparato visivo, Piccin 2004

Neuroradiology
Manuale di neuroradiologia di Andreula - Cirillo - Gallucci – Scarabino 2016
Neuroradiologia di Cesare Colosimo 2013


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Modulo: 47586 - NEURORADIOLOGIA
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
• Learning material delivered in classes.
• Textbooks:
o Masson M., Masson C., Dehen H. Cambier J., Edra Masson e Claudio Mariani Pierluigi Bertora. NEUROLOGIA (1 mar. 2013)
o Lenzi G., Di Piero V., Padovani A. Compendio di Neurologia, Piccin, Padova, 2013
Federico A., Caltagirone C., Provinciali L., Tedeschi G., Neurologia Pratica, EDIses, Napoli, 2014
o Pinessi L., Gentile S., Rainero I, Neurology book. Neuroanatomofisiologia e semeiotica neurologica. [Doppia Versione: italiano e inglese], Edi-Ermes, Milano, 2012
o Fazio Loeb. Neurologia. 2019. SEU Universo
o Elan D. Louis, Stephan A. Mayer, James M. Noble. Merritt's Neurology. Wolters Kluwer 2021.

Neurosurgery
Mark S. Greenberg, Handbook of Neurosurgery, Thieme, May 2016

Ophthalmology
Dispense di Oftalmologia (disponibile sul sito web)
Miglior M. et al., Oftalmologia Clinica, Monduzzi 2006
Kanski's Clinical Ophtalmology, A Systematic Approach, Elsevier, 8th edition 2015
Sborgia C., Delle Noci N., Malattie dell'apparato visivo, Piccin 2004

Neuroradiology
Manuale di neuroradiologia di Andreula - Cirillo - Gallucci – Scarabino 2016
Neuroradiologia di Cesare Colosimo 2013


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 47952 - MALATTIE APPARATO VISIVO
------------------------------------------------------------
Neurology
• Learning material delivered in classes.
• Textbooks:
o Masson M., Masson C., Dehen H. Cambier J., Edra Masson e Claudio Mariani Pierluigi Bertora. NEUROLOGIA (1 mar. 2013)
o Lenzi G., Di Piero V., Padovani A. Compendio di Neurologia, Piccin, Padova, 2013
Federico A., Caltagirone C., Provinciali L., Tedeschi G., Neurologia Pratica, EDIses, Napoli, 2014
o Pinessi L., Gentile S., Rainero I, Neurology book. Neuroanatomofisiologia e semeiotica neurologica. [Doppia Versione: italiano e inglese], Edi-Ermes, Milano, 2012
o Fazio Loeb. Neurologia. 2019. SEU Universo
o Elan D. Louis, Stephan A. Mayer, James M. Noble. Merritt's Neurology. Wolters Kluwer 2021.

Neurosurgery
Mark S. Greenberg, Handbook of Neurosurgery, Thieme, May 2016

Ophthalmology
Dispense di Oftalmologia (disponibile sul sito web)
Miglior M. et al., Oftalmologia Clinica, Monduzzi 2006
Kanski's Clinical Ophtalmology, A Systematic Approach, Elsevier, 8th edition 2015
Sborgia C., Delle Noci N., Malattie dell'apparato visivo, Piccin 2004

Neuroradiology
Manuale di neuroradiologia di Andreula - Cirillo - Gallucci – Scarabino 2016
Neuroradiologia di Cesare Colosimo 2013