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SURGERY II

Academic year and teacher
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Versione italiana
Academic year
2022/2023
Teacher
CARLO FEO
Credits
7
Didactic period
Secondo Semestre

Training objectives

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 005987 - CHIRURGIA GENERALE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General
- Integrate the courses of Surgery I (4th year) and Surgery III (6th year) to introduce the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, and the principles of treatment of the diseases of surgical interest.
2. Specifics
- Diagnose the surgical diseases faced with independent judgment by integrating an accurate medical history with a scrupulous physical examination, proceeding with the prescription, evaluation, and interpretation of laboratory and diagnostic imaging and instrumental tests, taking into account sex / gender differences.
- Know the principles of treatment of the addressed surgical diseases.
- Know the principles for the preoperative preparation of the surgical patient and the perioperative care protocols.
- Refine communication skills with the surgical patient.
- Learn basic maneuvers in clinical care (e.g., take a peripheral venous access, place a nasogastric tube and a bladder catheter, place and remove stitches, dress a surgical wound).

THORACIC SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major thoracic diseases

CARDIAC SURGERY
Basic knowledge of physiopathology, clinical presentation, diagnostics of adult heart diseases.
To be able to diagnose pathologies through symptoms, to be able to suggest specific laboratory and instrumental tests.
Also, know the possible treatments, indications for surgery and prognosis with and without surgical treatment. To know the conventional surgical procedures and the innovations in the treatment of cardiovascular pathologies and in particular the percutaneous access. At the end of the course, the student will have to be able to examine a patient and collect their medical history, evaluate pre and post-operative laboratory tests, prescribe treatments, and evaluate the postoperative clinical conditions.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major vascular diseases



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 011227 - CHIRURGIA CARDIACA
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General
- Integrate the courses of Surgery I (4th year) and Surgery III (6th year) to introduce the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, and the principles of treatment of the diseases of surgical interest.
2. Specifics
- Diagnose the surgical diseases faced with independent judgment by integrating an accurate medical history with a scrupulous physical examination, proceeding with the prescription, evaluation, and interpretation of laboratory and diagnostic imaging and instrumental tests, taking into account sex / gender differences.
- Know the principles of treatment of the addressed surgical diseases.
- Know the principles for the preoperative preparation of the surgical patient and the perioperative care protocols.
- Refine communication skills with the surgical patient.
- Learn basic maneuvers in clinical care (e.g., take a peripheral venous access, place a nasogastric tube and a bladder catheter, place and remove stitches, dress a surgical wound).

THORACIC SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major thoracic diseases

CARDIAC SURGERY
Basic knowledge of physiopathology, clinical presentation, diagnostics of adult heart diseases.
To be able to diagnose pathologies through symptoms, to be able to suggest specific laboratory and instrumental tests.
Also, know the possible treatments, indications for surgery and prognosis with and without surgical treatment. To know the conventional surgical procedures and the innovations in the treatment of cardiovascular pathologies and in particular the percutaneous access. At the end of the course, the student will have to be able to examine a patient and collect their medical history, evaluate pre and post-operative laboratory tests, prescribe treatments, and evaluate the postoperative clinical conditions.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major vascular diseases

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/3 - CHIRURGIA VASCOLARE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General
- Integrate the courses of Surgery I (4th year) and Surgery III (6th year) to introduce the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, and the principles of treatment of the diseases of surgical interest.
2. Specifics
- Diagnose the surgical diseases faced with independent judgment by integrating an accurate medical history with a scrupulous physical examination, proceeding with the prescription, evaluation, and interpretation of laboratory and diagnostic imaging and instrumental tests, taking into account sex / gender differences.
- Know the principles of treatment of the addressed surgical diseases.
- Know the principles for the preoperative preparation of the surgical patient and the perioperative care protocols.
- Refine communication skills with the surgical patient.
- Learn basic maneuvers in clinical care (e.g., take a peripheral venous access, place a nasogastric tube and a bladder catheter, place and remove stitches, dress a surgical wound).

THORACIC SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major thoracic diseases

CARDIAC SURGERY
Basic knowledge of physiopathology, clinical presentation, diagnostics of adult heart diseases.
To be able to diagnose pathologies through symptoms, to be able to suggest specific laboratory and instrumental tests.
Also, know the possible treatments, indications for surgery and prognosis with and without surgical treatment. To know the conventional surgical procedures and the innovations in the treatment of cardiovascular pathologies and in particular the percutaneous access. At the end of the course, the student will have to be able to examine a patient and collect their medical history, evaluate pre and post-operative laboratory tests, prescribe treatments, and evaluate the postoperative clinical conditions.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major vascular diseases



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/4 - CHIRURGIA TORACICA
------------------------------------------------------------
THORACIC SURGERY
Learn the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of major thoracic diseases

Prerequisites

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 005987 - CHIRURGIA GENERALE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
The knowledge acquired in previous courses are fundamental, in particular: Anatomy, Pathology 2 and pathophysiology, Clinical methodology, Diagnostic imaging and radiation protection, Surgery I, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Oncology, and Anatomical pathology.

THORACIC SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the thoracic and lung diseases.

CARDIAC SURGERY
The student must know the anatomy, physiology, pathology, epidemiology, etiology, and surgical symptoms of cardiovascular diseases. In particular, diseases of the great vessels, valves and ischemic heart disease. Students must have a good knowledge of topographic anatomy, surgical semeiotics and internal medicine, and all the basic sciences useful for simplifying clinical learning.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, and physiology, and pathophysiology of the vascular diseases.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 011227 - CHIRURGIA CARDIACA
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
The knowledge acquired in previous courses are fundamental, in particular: Anatomy, Pathology 2 and pathophysiology, Clinical methodology, Diagnostic imaging and radiation protection, Surgery I, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Oncology, and Anatomical pathology.

THORACIC SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the thoracic and lung diseases.

CARDIAC SURGERY
The student must know the anatomy, physiology, pathology, epidemiology, etiology, and surgical symptoms of cardiovascular diseases. In particular, diseases of the great vessels, valves and ischemic heart disease. Students must have a good knowledge of topographic anatomy, surgical semeiotics and internal medicine, and all the basic sciences useful for simplifying clinical learning.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, and physiology, and pathophysiology of the vascular diseases.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/3 - CHIRURGIA VASCOLARE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
The knowledge acquired in previous courses are fundamental, in particular: Anatomy, Pathology 2 and pathophysiology, Clinical methodology, Diagnostic imaging and radiation protection, Surgery I, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Oncology, and Anatomical pathology.

THORACIC SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the thoracic and lung diseases.

CARDIAC SURGERY
The student must know the anatomy, physiology, pathology, epidemiology, etiology, and surgical symptoms of cardiovascular diseases. In particular, diseases of the great vessels, valves and ischemic heart disease. Students must have a good knowledge of topographic anatomy, surgical semeiotics and internal medicine, and all the basic sciences useful for simplifying clinical learning.

VASCULAR SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, and physiology, and pathophysiology of the vascular diseases.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/4 - CHIRURGIA TORACICA
------------------------------------------------------------
THORACIC SURGERY
Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the thoracic and lung diseases.

Course programme

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 005987 - CHIRURGIA GENERALE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General surgical issues
1.1 Perioperative care
- Preoperative evaluation and optimization
- Perioperative nutritional management
- Preoperative evaluation
- Informed consent
- Intraoperative issues
- Intraoperative monitoring
- Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols
1.2 Surgical infections and surgical site infections
2. Specific surgical issues
2.1 Thyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Goiter
- Adenoma
- Carcinoma
- Thyroiditis
- Complications of thyreoid surgery
2.2 Parathyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Hyperparathyreoidism
- Hypoparatihyreoidism
2.3 Breast
- Surgical anatomy
- Mastitis
- Tumors
2.4 Stomach and duodenum
- Surgical anatomy
- Peptic ulcer disease
- Tumors
2.5 Small bowel
- Surgical anatomy
- Short bowel syndrome
- Tumors
2.6 Colon
- Surgical anatomy
- Tumors
2.6 Rectum and anus
- Surgical anatomy
- Haemorroids, fissure, anal fistula, perianal abscess
- Rectal prolapses
- Malignant tumors
2.8 Liver
- Surgical anatomy
- Abscess, echinococcosis, amoebiasi
- Tumors
2.9 Gallbladder and bile ducts
- Surgical anatomy
- Chronic cholecystitis
- Tumors
2.10 Pancreas
- Surgical anatomy
- Acute and chronic pancreatitis
- Cysts
- Tumors
2.11 Adrenals glands
- Surgical anatomy
- Incidentaloma
2.12 Hernia
- Surgical anatomy
- Groin and femoral hernias
- Umbilical hernia
- Incisional hernia

THORACIC SURGERY
Physiopathology and management of chest injuries.
Diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.
Pulmonary resection: General principles, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Surgery of the esophagus. Surgery of the diaphragm, mediastinum, and chest wall.

CARDIAC SURGERY
Anatomy of the heart and great vessels
Laboratory tests
Instrumental tests for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases
Cardiac objective examination
Extracorporeal circulation
Surgical accesses
Ischemic heart disease
Thoracic aortic aneurysms
Aortic arch surgery
Diseases of the valves
Outline of post-operative intensive care

VASCULAR SURGERY
INTRODUCTION AND CIRCULATION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
- Pathophysiology of the arterial system. Acute and chronic arterial diseases.
- Pathophysiology of the venous system. Classification of vascular diseases and diseases of the venous system.
- Semiotics of the arterial system: history & physical examination. Acute ischemia.
- Chronic peripheral obliterating arteriopathy. Cerebrovascular insufficiency. Aneurysms.
- Deep vein thrombosis. Pulmonary thromboembolism. Post-thrombotic syndrome.
PATHOLOGY OF THE TSA AND THE WORKING BRAIN
- Pathophysiology. Epidemiology of stroke. Pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque. Carotid disease. Instrumental investigations. Treatment.
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathogenesis. Classifications. Morphology. Natural history and clinical course. Diagnostics. Indications for surgical treatment.
THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathophysiology. Epidemiology. Diagnosis. Surgical treatment. Endovascular treatment.
PERIPHERAL ARTERIOPATHY
- Aorto-iliac, femoro-popliteal, and tibio-fibular failure.
- Instrumental diagnostics. Principles of treatment.
DISEASES OF THE VENOUS SYSTEM
- Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): definition
Superficial venous system. Deep venous system. Hemodynamic of the macrocirculation.
- Etiopathology and pathophysiology of CVI.
- Basics of phlebologic semiotics. Outline of phlebologic instrumental diagnostics. Classification of CVI: C.E.A.P. Classifiacation. Ablative surgery. Endovascular treatment. Sclerotherapy.
- Superficial vein thrombosis. Deep venous thrombosis and venous thromboembolism.
PATHOLOGY OF THE LYMPH SYSTEM
- Lymphedema: Definition. Clinical classification. Primary and secondary lymphedema.
- Clinical History. Physical examination. Complications. Diagnostics. Differential diagnosis. Non-surgical treatments. Interventions of excision. Lympho-venous anastomosis.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 011227 - CHIRURGIA CARDIACA
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General surgical issues
1.1 Perioperative care
- Preoperative evaluation and optimization
- Perioperative nutritional management
- Preoperative evaluation
- Informed consent
- Intraoperative issues
- Intraoperative monitoring
- Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols
1.2 Surgical infections and surgical site infections
2. Specific surgical issues
2.1 Thyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Goiter
- Adenoma
- Carcinoma
- Thyroiditis
- Complications of thyreoid surgery
2.2 Parathyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Hyperparathyreoidism
- Hypoparatihyreoidism
2.3 Breast
- Surgical anatomy
- Mastitis
- Tumors
2.4 Stomach and duodenum
- Surgical anatomy
- Peptic ulcer disease
- Tumors
2.5 Small bowel
- Surgical anatomy
- Short bowel syndrome
- Tumors
2.6 Colon
- Surgical anatomy
- Tumors
2.6 Rectum and anus
- Surgical anatomy
- Haemorroids, fissure, anal fistula, perianal abscess
- Rectal prolapses
- Malignant tumors
2.8 Liver
- Surgical anatomy
- Abscess, echinococcosis, amoebiasi
- Tumors
2.9 Gallbladder and bile ducts
- Surgical anatomy
- Chronic cholecystitis
- Tumors
2.10 Pancreas
- Surgical anatomy
- Acute and chronic pancreatitis
- Cysts
- Tumors
2.11 Adrenals glands
- Surgical anatomy
- Incidentaloma
2.12 Hernia
- Surgical anatomy
- Groin and femoral hernias
- Umbilical hernia
- Incisional hernia

THORACIC SURGERY
Physiopathology and management of chest injuries.
Diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.
Pulmonary resection: General principles, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Surgery of the esophagus. Surgery of the diaphragm, mediastinum, and chest wall.

CARDIAC SURGERY
Anatomy of the heart and great vessels
Laboratory tests
Instrumental tests for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases
Cardiac objective examination
Extracorporeal circulation
Surgical accesses
Ischemic heart disease
Thoracic aortic aneurysms
Aortic arch surgery
Diseases of the valves
Outline of post-operative intensive care

VASCULAR SURGERY
INTRODUCTION AND CIRCULATION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
- Pathophysiology of the arterial system. Acute and chronic arterial diseases.
- Pathophysiology of the venous system. Classification of vascular diseases and diseases of the venous system.
- Semiotics of the arterial system: history & physical examination. Acute ischemia.
- Chronic peripheral obliterating arteriopathy. Cerebrovascular insufficiency. Aneurysms.
- Deep vein thrombosis. Pulmonary thromboembolism. Post-thrombotic syndrome.
PATHOLOGY OF THE TSA AND THE WORKING BRAIN
- Pathophysiology. Epidemiology of stroke. Pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque. Carotid disease. Instrumental investigations. Treatment.
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathogenesis. Classifications. Morphology. Natural history and clinical course. Diagnostics. Indications for surgical treatment.
THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathophysiology. Epidemiology. Diagnosis. Surgical treatment. Endovascular treatment.
PERIPHERAL ARTERIOPATHY
- Aorto-iliac, femoro-popliteal, and tibio-fibular failure.
- Instrumental diagnostics. Principles of treatment.
DISEASES OF THE VENOUS SYSTEM
- Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): definition
Superficial venous system. Deep venous system. Hemodynamic of the macrocirculation.
- Etiopathology and pathophysiology of CVI.
- Basics of phlebologic semiotics. Outline of phlebologic instrumental diagnostics. Classification of CVI: C.E.A.P. Classifiacation. Ablative surgery. Endovascular treatment. Sclerotherapy.
- Superficial vein thrombosis. Deep venous thrombosis and venous thromboembolism.
PATHOLOGY OF THE LYMPH SYSTEM
- Lymphedema: Definition. Clinical classification. Primary and secondary lymphedema.
- Clinical History. Physical examination. Complications. Diagnostics. Differential diagnosis. Non-surgical treatments. Interventions of excision. Lympho-venous anastomosis.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/3 - CHIRURGIA VASCOLARE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
1. General surgical issues
1.1 Perioperative care
- Preoperative evaluation and optimization
- Perioperative nutritional management
- Preoperative evaluation
- Informed consent
- Intraoperative issues
- Intraoperative monitoring
- Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols
1.2 Surgical infections and surgical site infections
2. Specific surgical issues
2.1 Thyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Goiter
- Adenoma
- Carcinoma
- Thyroiditis
- Complications of thyreoid surgery
2.2 Parathyreoid gland
- Surgical anatomy
- Hyperparathyreoidism
- Hypoparatihyreoidism
2.3 Breast
- Surgical anatomy
- Mastitis
- Tumors
2.4 Stomach and duodenum
- Surgical anatomy
- Peptic ulcer disease
- Tumors
2.5 Small bowel
- Surgical anatomy
- Short bowel syndrome
- Tumors
2.6 Colon
- Surgical anatomy
- Tumors
2.6 Rectum and anus
- Surgical anatomy
- Haemorroids, fissure, anal fistula, perianal abscess
- Rectal prolapses
- Malignant tumors
2.8 Liver
- Surgical anatomy
- Abscess, echinococcosis, amoebiasi
- Tumors
2.9 Gallbladder and bile ducts
- Surgical anatomy
- Chronic cholecystitis
- Tumors
2.10 Pancreas
- Surgical anatomy
- Acute and chronic pancreatitis
- Cysts
- Tumors
2.11 Adrenals glands
- Surgical anatomy
- Incidentaloma
2.12 Hernia
- Surgical anatomy
- Groin and femoral hernias
- Umbilical hernia
- Incisional hernia

THORACIC SURGERY
Physiopathology and management of chest injuries.
Diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.
Pulmonary resection: General principles, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Surgery of the esophagus. Surgery of the diaphragm, mediastinum, and chest wall.

CARDIAC SURGERY
Anatomy of the heart and great vessels
Laboratory tests
Instrumental tests for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases
Cardiac objective examination
Extracorporeal circulation
Surgical accesses
Ischemic heart disease
Thoracic aortic aneurysms
Aortic arch surgery
Diseases of the valves
Outline of post-operative intensive care

VASCULAR SURGERY
INTRODUCTION AND CIRCULATION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
- Pathophysiology of the arterial system. Acute and chronic arterial diseases.
- Pathophysiology of the venous system. Classification of vascular diseases and diseases of the venous system.
- Semiotics of the arterial system: history & physical examination. Acute ischemia.
- Chronic peripheral obliterating arteriopathy. Cerebrovascular insufficiency. Aneurysms.
- Deep vein thrombosis. Pulmonary thromboembolism. Post-thrombotic syndrome.
PATHOLOGY OF THE TSA AND THE WORKING BRAIN
- Pathophysiology. Epidemiology of stroke. Pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque. Carotid disease. Instrumental investigations. Treatment.
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathogenesis. Classifications. Morphology. Natural history and clinical course. Diagnostics. Indications for surgical treatment.
THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSMS
- Introduction. Anatomy. Etiology. Pathophysiology. Epidemiology. Diagnosis. Surgical treatment. Endovascular treatment.
PERIPHERAL ARTERIOPATHY
- Aorto-iliac, femoro-popliteal, and tibio-fibular failure.
- Instrumental diagnostics. Principles of treatment.
DISEASES OF THE VENOUS SYSTEM
- Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): definition
Superficial venous system. Deep venous system. Hemodynamic of the macrocirculation.
- Etiopathology and pathophysiology of CVI.
- Basics of phlebologic semiotics. Outline of phlebologic instrumental diagnostics. Classification of CVI: C.E.A.P. Classifiacation. Ablative surgery. Endovascular treatment. Sclerotherapy.
- Superficial vein thrombosis. Deep venous thrombosis and venous thromboembolism.
PATHOLOGY OF THE LYMPH SYSTEM
- Lymphedema: Definition. Clinical classification. Primary and secondary lymphedema.
- Clinical History. Physical examination. Complications. Diagnostics. Differential diagnosis. Non-surgical treatments. Interventions of excision. Lympho-venous anastomosis.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/4 - CHIRURGIA TORACICA
------------------------------------------------------------
THORACIC SURGERY
Physiopathology and management of chest injuries.
Pleural Mesothelioma
Diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.
Pulmonary resection: General principles, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Surgery of the esophagus. Surgery of the diaphragm, mediastinum, and chest wall.
Neuroendocrin tumors

Didactic methods

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 005987 - CHIRURGIA GENERALE
------------------------------------------------------------
Lectures, rotations on the surgical ward, outpatient office, and operating room.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 011227 - CHIRURGIA CARDIACA
------------------------------------------------------------
Lectures, rotations on the surgical ward, outpatient office, and operating room.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/3 - CHIRURGIA VASCOLARE
------------------------------------------------------------
Lectures, rotations on the surgical ward, outpatient office, and operating room.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/4 - CHIRURGIA TORACICA
------------------------------------------------------------
Lectures, rotations on the surgical ward, outpatient office, and operating room.

Learning assessment procedures

Written test:
- Single test of 60 multiple choice questions (5 choices, one exact), 10 for CFU (30 of general surgery, 10 of thoracic surgery, 10 of cardiac surgery, and 10 of vascular surgery) on the topics included in the "Course content"
- 1 point will be awarded for each correct answer (+1) and 0 points for each answer NOT given, while 0.20 points will be subtracted for each incorrect answer (-0.20)
- The time available to complete the test will be 75 minutes
- The exam will take place in a computer room, on the computer, the order of the questions and the related answer options is random and varies for each candidate
- The mark of the written test will be out of thirty, thus dividing the score obtained in half
- The passing score for the written is 16/30 and it is needed for access to the oral exam.
2. Oral examination:
- The oral exam will be taken with a randomly assigned professor of general, thoracic, cardiac or vascular surgery (the student does NOT choose the examiner and vice versa)
- Approximate duration of the exam 10-15 minutes
- The ability to connect and use the various notions acquired, the appropriateness of communication as well as the clarity and rigor of presentation will be assessed.
- The oral exam can raise the score of the written one and will give the final vote out of thirty.
3. Rotations: the final grade will also take into account the practical part.

Reference texts

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 005987 - CHIRURGIA GENERALE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
- S.Dionigi, Chirurgia, Ed. Masso
- S.I. Schwartz, Principi di chirurgia, Ed. UTET
- D.C. Sabiston, Trattato di chirurgia, Ed. Piccin

THORACIC SURGERY
- Adult Chest Surgery David Surgarbaker
- Surgery of the chest Waldhausen

CARDIAC SURGERY
- Adult Cardiac surgery Bojar RM
- Cardiac Surgery Kirklin Barratt-Boyes

VASCULAR SURGERY
- R. Rutherford, Vascular Surgery, Antonio Delfino Editore


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 011227 - CHIRURGIA CARDIACA
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
- S.Dionigi, Chirurgia, Ed. Masso
- S.I. Schwartz, Principi di chirurgia, Ed. UTET
- D.C. Sabiston, Trattato di chirurgia, Ed. Piccin

THORACIC SURGERY
- Adult Chest Surgery David Surgarbaker
- Surgery of the chest Waldhausen

CARDIAC SURGERY
- Adult Cardiac surgery Bojar RM
- Cardiac Surgery Kirklin Barratt-Boyes

VASCULAR SURGERY
- R. Rutherford, Vascular Surgery, Antonio Delfino Editore


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/3 - CHIRURGIA VASCOLARE
------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL SURGERY
- S.Dionigi, Chirurgia, Ed. Masso
- S.I. Schwartz, Principi di chirurgia, Ed. UTET
- D.C. Sabiston, Trattato di chirurgia, Ed. Piccin

THORACIC SURGERY
- Adult Chest Surgery David Surgarbaker
- Surgery of the chest Waldhausen

CARDIAC SURGERY
- Adult Cardiac surgery Bojar RM
- Cardiac Surgery Kirklin Barratt-Boyes

VASCULAR SURGERY
- R. Rutherford, Vascular Surgery, Antonio Delfino Editore


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 019563/4 - CHIRURGIA TORACICA
------------------------------------------------------------
THORACIC SURGERY
- Adult Chest Surgery David Surgarbaker
- Surgery of the chest Waldhausen