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MEDICAL HUMANITIES

Academic year and teacher
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Versione italiana
Academic year
2022/2023
Teacher
GIOVANNI BONIOLO
Credits
8
Didactic period
Primo Semestre

Training objectives

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26809 - MEDICINA LEGALE
------------------------------------------------------------
The MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY course provides the basic knowledge of the mechanisms of construction of the doctor's relationship with the patient. Regarding the parameters of:
-Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic axioms and psychological assumptions of interpersonal communication;
the relational and cognitive tools for building relationships.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main communicative elements in building trust;
the main communication errors to avoid in the doctor and patient relationship.
The LEGAL MEDICINE course provides the knowledge of classical forensic medicine, the doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon. Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main aspects of forensic medicine;
the main doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the principles of professional liability for biological damage, civil invalidity and social insurance;
the principles of forensic pathology and toxicology.
The HISTORY OF MEDICINE course provides the basic knowledge of the history of Western medicine and its relations with society.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main definitions of health and disease in Western history;
the origin of clinical thinking, laboratory medicine and medical ethics;
- Know-how: At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the historical and contingent nature of medical treatments;
some social aspects of medical thinking.
The LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE course provides the basic knowledge of critical reasoning applied to the clinical environment and the elements of methodology of biomedical and clinical ethics discourse.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic logic and rhetoric to be able to argue and not fall into clinical fallacies;
how to argue correctly in the ethical field on biomedicine and clinical issues
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main correct arguments and the main fallacies.
the main methods to analyse ethics issues applied to biomedicine and clinic.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26810 - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA
------------------------------------------------------------
The MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY course provides the basic knowledge of the mechanisms of construction of the doctor's relationship with the patient. Regarding the parameters of:
-Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic axioms and psychological assumptions of interpersonal communication;
the relational and cognitive tools for building relationships.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main communicative elements in building trust;
the main communication errors to avoid in the doctor and patient relationship.
The LEGAL MEDICINE course provides the knowledge of classical forensic medicine, the doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon. Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main aspects of forensic medicine;
the main doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the principles of professional liability for biological damage, civil invalidity and social insurance;
the principles of forensic pathology and toxicology.
The HISTORY OF MEDICINE course provides the basic knowledge of the history of Western medicine and its relations with society.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main definitions of health and disease in Western history;
the origin of clinical thinking, laboratory medicine and medical ethics;
- Know-how: At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the historical and contingent nature of medical treatments;
some social aspects of medical thinking.
The LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE course provides the basic knowledge of critical reasoning applied to the clinical environment and the elements of methodology of biomedical and clinical ethics discourse.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic logic and rhetoric to be able to argue and not fall into clinical fallacies;
how to argue correctly in the ethical field on biomedicine and clinical issues
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main correct arguments and the main fallacies.
the main methods to analyse ethics issues applied to biomedicine and clinic.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26811 - LOGICA E FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
------------------------------------------------------------
The MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY course provides the basic knowledge of the mechanisms of construction of the doctor's relationship with the patient. Regarding the parameters of:
-Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic axioms and psychological assumptions of interpersonal communication;
the relational and cognitive tools for building relationships.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main communicative elements in building trust;
the main communication errors to avoid in the doctor and patient relationship.
The LEGAL MEDICINE course provides the knowledge of classical forensic medicine, the doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon. Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main aspects of forensic medicine;
the main doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the principles of professional liability for biological damage, civil invalidity and social insurance;
the principles of forensic pathology and toxicology.
The HISTORY OF MEDICINE course provides the basic knowledge of the history of Western medicine and its relations with society.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main definitions of health and disease in Western history;
the origin of clinical thinking, laboratory medicine and medical ethics;
- Know-how: At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the historical and contingent nature of medical treatments;
some social aspects of medical thinking.
The LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE course provides the basic knowledge of critical reasoning applied to the clinical environment and the elements of methodology of biomedical and clinical ethics discourse.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic logic and rhetoric to be able to argue and not fall into clinical fallacies;
how to argue correctly in the ethical field on biomedicine and clinical issues
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main correct arguments and the main fallacies.
the main methods to analyse ethics issues applied to biomedicine and clinic.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 67376 - PSICOLOGIA MEDICA
------------------------------------------------------------
The MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY course provides the basic knowledge of the mechanisms of construction of the doctor's relationship with the patient. Regarding the parameters of:
-Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic axioms and psychological assumptions of interpersonal communication;
the relational and cognitive tools for building relationships.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main communicative elements in building trust;
the main communication errors to avoid in the doctor and patient relationship.
The LEGAL MEDICINE course provides the knowledge of classical forensic medicine, the doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon. Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main aspects of forensic medicine;
the main doctrinal and legislative issues of interest to the surgeon.
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the principles of professional liability for biological damage, civil invalidity and social insurance;
the principles of forensic pathology and toxicology.
The HISTORY OF MEDICINE course provides the basic knowledge of the history of Western medicine and its relations with society.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the main definitions of health and disease in Western history;
the origin of clinical thinking, laboratory medicine and medical ethics;
- Know-how: At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the historical and contingent nature of medical treatments;
some social aspects of medical thinking.
The LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE course provides the basic knowledge of critical reasoning applied to the clinical environment and the elements of methodology of biomedical and clinical ethics discourse.
Regarding the parameters of:
- Know. At the end of the course, the student will know:
the basic logic and rhetoric to be able to argue and not fall into clinical fallacies;
how to argue correctly in the ethical field on biomedicine and clinical issues
- Know-how. At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize:
the main correct arguments and the main fallacies.
the main methods to analyse ethics issues applied to biomedicine and clinic.

Prerequisites

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26809 - MEDICINA LEGALE
------------------------------------------------------------
For the course of forensic medicine, basic knowledge of biology is required.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26810 - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA
------------------------------------------------------------
For the course of forensic medicine, basic knowledge of biology is required.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26811 - LOGICA E FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
------------------------------------------------------------
For the course of forensic medicine, basic knowledge of biology is required.



------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 67376 - PSICOLOGIA MEDICA
------------------------------------------------------------
For the course of forensic medicine, basic knowledge of biology is required.


Course programme

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26809 - MEDICINA LEGALE
------------------------------------------------------------
The Medical Psychology Course will deal with the history of the doctor-patient relationship: philosophical ideas (Plato - Seneca - Kant) and the development of medical technology with its impact on the relationship with the patient; the fundamental pillars of the doctor-patient relationship: Kindness, Sincerity, Empathy, Competence, Effectiveness, Trust, Therapeutic Alliance; effective communication techniques in building the relationship of trust with the patient and resilience as a crucial element in managing the relationship; exemplification and discussion of exemplary clinical cases in the construction of the therapeutic alliance.

The Forensic medicine course will deal with the principles of ethics and code of ethics. Information and consent, legal figures, mandatory complaints, professional secrecy, certification activity and certification related offenses, principles of criminal forensic medicine, offenses: classification, beatings, personal injury, death from other people's facts, imputability, professional responsibility, biological damage and liability civil; forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, tanatology and death legislation; private and social insurance (INAIL and INPS); civil disability; special laws of medical and legal interest: voluntary termination of pregnancy, law on the repression of sexual violence. Didactic activity finds useful and necessary complement to participation in diagnostic tests (external examination, autopsy).

The Course of History of Medicine will deal with Hippocrates and the origins of western medicine; the birth of modern anatomy and the transformation of the concept of the human body; the hospital and the birth of clinical medicine; laboratory and experimental medicine; health and disease in scientific medicine.

The Logic and Philosophy of Science course will address critical reasoning in the clinical setting, basic logic; the correct arguments; fallacies to avoid. Biomedical ethics will also be discussed. Techniques for debating ethically sensitive issues in the field of biomedical research and clinical practice are taught in a non-ideological way. Depending on the interest of the students, the following topics are touched:
- Beginning and end of life
- Reproductive choices
- Right to not know and duty to inform
- Incidental findings
- overdiagnosis
- Placebo
- Vaccinations
- Informed consent and open or fiduciary consent
- Participation in clinical trials
- Institutional public health interventions
- Quality of life of the patient and family members
- Patient empowerment
- Professional ethics
- Doctor-patient communication
- Etc.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26810 - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA
------------------------------------------------------------
The Medical Psychology Course will deal with the history of the doctor-patient relationship: philosophical ideas (Plato - Seneca - Kant) and the development of medical technology with its impact on the relationship with the patient; the fundamental pillars of the doctor-patient relationship: Kindness, Sincerity, Empathy, Competence, Effectiveness, Trust, Therapeutic Alliance; effective communication techniques in building the relationship of trust with the patient and resilience as a crucial element in managing the relationship; exemplification and discussion of exemplary clinical cases in the construction of the therapeutic alliance.

The Forensic medicine course will deal with the principles of ethics and code of ethics. Information and consent, legal figures, mandatory complaints, professional secrecy, certification activity and certification related offenses, principles of criminal forensic medicine, offenses: classification, beatings, personal injury, death from other people's facts, imputability, professional responsibility, biological damage and liability civil; forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, tanatology and death legislation; private and social insurance (INAIL and INPS); civil disability; special laws of medical and legal interest: voluntary termination of pregnancy, law on the repression of sexual violence. Didactic activity finds useful and necessary complement to participation in diagnostic tests (external examination, autopsy).

The Course of History of Medicine will deal with Hippocrates and the origins of western medicine; the birth of modern anatomy and the transformation of the concept of the human body; the hospital and the birth of clinical medicine; laboratory and experimental medicine; health and disease in scientific medicine.

The Logic and Philosophy of Science course will address critical reasoning in the clinical setting, basic logic; the correct arguments; fallacies to avoid. Biomedical ethics will also be discussed. Techniques for debating ethically sensitive issues in the field of biomedical research and clinical practice are taught in a non-ideological way. Depending on the interest of the students, the following topics are touched:
- Beginning and end of life
- Reproductive choices
- Right to not know and duty to inform
- Incidental findings
- overdiagnosis
- Placebo
- Vaccinations
- Informed consent and open or fiduciary consent
- Participation in clinical trials
- Institutional public health interventions
- Quality of life of the patient and family members
- Patient empowerment
- Professional ethics
- Doctor-patient communication
- Etc.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26811 - LOGICA E FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
------------------------------------------------------------
The Medical Psychology Course will deal with the history of the doctor-patient relationship: philosophical ideas (Plato - Seneca - Kant) and the development of medical technology with its impact on the relationship with the patient; the fundamental pillars of the doctor-patient relationship: Kindness, Sincerity, Empathy, Competence, Effectiveness, Trust, Therapeutic Alliance; effective communication techniques in building the relationship of trust with the patient and resilience as a crucial element in managing the relationship; exemplification and discussion of exemplary clinical cases in the construction of the therapeutic alliance.

The Forensic medicine course will deal with the principles of ethics and code of ethics. Information and consent, legal figures, mandatory complaints, professional secrecy, certification activity and certification related offenses, principles of criminal forensic medicine, offenses: classification, beatings, personal injury, death from other people's facts, imputability, professional responsibility, biological damage and liability civil; forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, tanatology and death legislation; private and social insurance (INAIL and INPS); civil disability; special laws of medical and legal interest: voluntary termination of pregnancy, law on the repression of sexual violence. Didactic activity finds useful and necessary complement to participation in diagnostic tests (external examination, autopsy).

The Course of History of Medicine will deal with Hippocrates and the origins of western medicine; the birth of modern anatomy and the transformation of the concept of the human body; the hospital and the birth of clinical medicine; laboratory and experimental medicine; health and disease in scientific medicine.

The Logic and Philosophy of Science course will address critical reasoning in the clinical setting, basic logic; the correct arguments; fallacies to avoid. Biomedical ethics will also be discussed. Techniques for debating ethically sensitive issues in the field of biomedical research and clinical practice are taught in a non-ideological way. Depending on the interest of the students, the following topics are touched:
- Beginning and end of life
- Reproductive choices
- Right to not know and duty to inform
- Incidental findings
- overdiagnosis
- Placebo
- Vaccinations
- Informed consent and open or fiduciary consent
- Participation in clinical trials
- Institutional public health interventions
- Quality of life of the patient and family members
- Patient empowerment
- Professional ethics
- Doctor-patient communication
- Etc.


------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 67376 - PSICOLOGIA MEDICA
------------------------------------------------------------
The Medical Psychology Course will deal with the history of the doctor-patient relationship: philosophical ideas (Plato - Seneca - Kant) and the development of medical technology with its impact on the relationship with the patient; the fundamental pillars of the doctor-patient relationship: Kindness, Sincerity, Empathy, Competence, Effectiveness, Trust, Therapeutic Alliance; effective communication techniques in building the relationship of trust with the patient and resilience as a crucial element in managing the relationship; exemplification and discussion of exemplary clinical cases in the construction of the therapeutic alliance.

The Forensic medicine course will deal with the principles of ethics and code of ethics. Information and consent, legal figures, mandatory complaints, professional secrecy, certification activity and certification related offenses, principles of criminal forensic medicine, offenses: classification, beatings, personal injury, death from other people's facts, imputability, professional responsibility, biological damage and liability civil; forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, tanatology and death legislation; private and social insurance (INAIL and INPS); civil disability; special laws of medical and legal interest: voluntary termination of pregnancy, law on the repression of sexual violence. Didactic activity finds useful and necessary complement to participation in diagnostic tests (external examination, autopsy).

The Course of History of Medicine will deal with Hippocrates and the origins of western medicine; the birth of modern anatomy and the transformation of the concept of the human body; the hospital and the birth of clinical medicine; laboratory and experimental medicine; health and disease in scientific medicine.

The Logic and Philosophy of Science course will address critical reasoning in the clinical setting, basic logic; the correct arguments; fallacies to avoid. Biomedical ethics will also be discussed. Techniques for debating ethically sensitive issues in the field of biomedical research and clinical practice are taught in a non-ideological way. Depending on the interest of the students, the following topics are touched:
- Beginning and end of life
- Reproductive choices
- Right to not know and duty to inform
- Incidental findings
- overdiagnosis
- Placebo
- Vaccinations
- Informed consent and open or fiduciary consent
- Participation in clinical trials
- Institutional public health interventions
- Quality of life of the patient and family members
- Patient empowerment
- Professional ethics
- Doctor-patient communication
- Etc.

Didactic methods

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26809 - MEDICINA LEGALE
------------------------------------------------------------
The course includes lectures and online assisted teaching. The hours of online assisted teaching on the certified moodle platform consist of the deepening of some topics covered in class.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26810 - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA
------------------------------------------------------------
The course includes lectures and online assisted teaching. The hours of online assisted teaching on the certified moodle platform consist of the deepening of some topics covered in class.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26811 - LOGICA E FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
------------------------------------------------------------
The course includes lectures and online assisted teaching. The hours of online assisted teaching on the certified moodle platform consist of the deepening of some topics covered in class.

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 67376 - PSICOLOGIA MEDICA
------------------------------------------------------------
The course includes lectures and online assisted teaching. The hours of online assisted teaching on the certified moodle platform consist of the deepening of some topics covered in class.

Learning assessment procedures

The exam of Medical Humanities (whose parts are Medicina Legale, Psicologia Medica, Storia della Medicina, Logica e Filosofia della Scienza) will be written and composed of 34 questions and 4 possible answers for each question (3 wrong and 1 correct answers). Each correct answer will be counted as 1 (and, therefore, 0 to the wrong or absent answer). The exam will be passed with a minimum of 18 correct answers. The "lode" is given with at least 31 correct answers. The time for the exam will be 20'.

Reference texts

------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26809 - MEDICINA LEGALE
------------------------------------------------------------
Clinical Psychology: R.J.Comer – PSICOLOGIA CLINICA (2a Ed.), UTET

Legal Medicine: Norelli, Buccelli, Fineschi. Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Piccin Ed. 2013
C. Gerin, F. Antoniotti, S. Merli, Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Società Editrice Universo, Roma 1997

History of Medicine: Handouts containing texts from primary sources and essays of secondary literature, prepared by the teacher and available on the course website

Logic and Philosophy of Science:
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
G.Boniolo, P. Vidali, Strumenti per ragionare, Pearson Bruno Mondadori, Milano
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
Giovanni Boniolo, Paolo Maugeri (a cura di), Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina. Per una cittadinanza consapevole, Mondadori Università, Milano.





------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26810 - STORIA DELLA MEDICINA
------------------------------------------------------------
Clinical Psychology: R.J.Comer – PSICOLOGIA CLINICA (2a Ed.), UTET

Legal Medicine: Norelli, Buccelli, Fineschi. Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Piccin Ed. 2013
C. Gerin, F. Antoniotti, S. Merli, Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Società Editrice Universo, Roma 1997

History of Medicine: Handouts containing texts from primary sources and essays of secondary literature, prepared by the teacher and available on the course website

Logic and Philosophy of Science:
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
G.Boniolo, P. Vidali, Strumenti per ragionare, Pearson Bruno Mondadori, Milano
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
Giovanni Boniolo, Paolo Maugeri (a cura di), Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina. Per una cittadinanza consapevole, Mondadori Università, Milano.





------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 26811 - LOGICA E FILOSOFIA DELLA SCIENZA
------------------------------------------------------------
Clinical Psychology: R.J.Comer – PSICOLOGIA CLINICA (2a Ed.), UTET

Legal Medicine: Norelli, Buccelli, Fineschi. Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Piccin Ed. 2013
C. Gerin, F. Antoniotti, S. Merli, Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Società Editrice Universo, Roma 1997

History of Medicine: Handouts containing texts from primary sources and essays of secondary literature, prepared by the teacher and available on the course website

Logic and Philosophy of Science:
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
G.Boniolo, P. Vidali, Strumenti per ragionare, Pearson Bruno Mondadori, Milano
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
Giovanni Boniolo, Paolo Maugeri (a cura di), Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina. Per una cittadinanza consapevole, Mondadori Università, Milano.





------------------------------------------------------------
Modulo: 67376 - PSICOLOGIA MEDICA
------------------------------------------------------------
Clinical Psychology: R.J.Comer – PSICOLOGIA CLINICA (2a Ed.), UTET

Legal Medicine: Norelli, Buccelli, Fineschi. Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Piccin Ed. 2013
C. Gerin, F. Antoniotti, S. Merli, Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni, Società Editrice Universo, Roma 1997

History of Medicine: Handouts containing texts from primary sources and essays of secondary literature, prepared by the teacher and available on the course website

Logic and Philosophy of Science:
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
G.Boniolo, P. Vidali, Strumenti per ragionare, Pearson Bruno Mondadori, Milano
Ragionamento critico in ambito clinico
Giovanni Boniolo, Paolo Maugeri (a cura di), Etica alle frontiere della biomedicina. Per una cittadinanza consapevole, Mondadori Università, Milano.