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Academic year
Didactic period
Primo Semestre

Training objectives

The integrated course "Smart technologies for sustainable design Lab" is structured, from the organizational and educational standpoints, as a design laboratory. The aim of this laboratory is to provide the skills that blend the basic knowledge of the students, with the skills of industrial and ICT engineering, in order to strengthen the technical skills of the future Innovation Designers.

The course is divided into 5 modules:
• "Smart and sustainable design" (60 hours)
• "Interactive and smart products engineering" (60 hours)
• "Sustainable engineering" (30 hours)
• "Smart spaces design" (30 hours)
• "ICT for smart products" (60 hours)

The purpose of the five modules is to provide skills, methods and tools for the development of technological solutions and implementation processes, to evaluate the feasibility and sustainability of innovative products and services. Moreover, it helps in providing the quantitative evaluation of the project and the relationship with the industrial realities. The main skills acquired will be:
- Culture and methods of sustainable design
- Technological culture on products and services.
- Methodologies and techniques for the integrated design of products and services.
- 3d modelling, design principles, strength of materials and materials choice.
- Innovative industrial processes
- Sustainable industrial processes
- Technologies for interaction, ICT, smart objects, HW / SW of embedded systems

The main skills (ie the ability to apply the acquired knowledge) will be:
- organization and management of the project to guide the design, development and integration of innovative services / products in the digital sector, IOT, creative industries, advanced production, sustainable development,
- Develop product or process innovation in keeping with the requirements of manufacturability, durability, functions and costs in the innovation process.
- Doing research aimed at the selection, planning and management of industrial processes useful for the production of innovative and sustainable products and services.
- Analyze and integrate the ICT technologies available for the development of innovative products and services that are useful and adapted to the characteristics of users
- Design based on customer needs and specifications of the end user by integrating the concepts of Design Thinking, QFD and UX.
- Manage the innovation processes of products and services to achieve design, economic and industrial results, while respecting environmental and social sustainability.



Course programme

A total of 240 hours of lectures are split in frontal teaching, multidisciplinary workshops and group work. Five modules are envisioned:

• “Smart and sustainable design” (60 hours)
• ”Interactive and smart products engineering” (60 hours)
• “Sustainable engineering” (30 hours)
• “Smart spaces design” (30 hours)
• “ICT for smart products” (60 hours)

Main topics:
“Smart and sustainable design” (60 hours)

1. Eco design and holistic visions for an economic social, environmental scenario in relation to sustainable production
2. Innovation in ecodesign
3. Systemic design approach
4. Design of smart obiects,
5. App design,
6. Big data visualization.
7. Service design

” Interactive and smart products engineering” (60 ore)
1. Smart Product design and development
1.1. Design fundamentals
1.2. Materials selection
1.3. Advanced and smart materials

2. Multiphysics design
2.1. Basic concept of machine design
2.2. Elements of strength of materials
2.3. Basic design rules

3. Smart conceptual design
3.1. Mission statement
3.2. Customers needs
3.3. Tech Spec: metrics and house of quality
3.4. Concept generation: research methods
3.5 6-3-5 Method
3.6 Internal and External Search Method
3.7 TRIZ
3.8 Contradiction Matrix and basic principles
3.9. Evaluation and selection: screening and scoring matrix

4. System Design
4.1. Product architecture: modularity, integration, duplication
4.2. Architecture definition
4.3. Smart materials integration and mechatronics systems

“Sustainable engineering” (30 hours)
1. Sustainable engineering for products and services
1.1. Sustainable development
1.2. Sustainable engineering
1.3. Environmental agreements and protocols
1.4. Environmental impacts assessment

2. Environment deterioration issues
2.1. Mass and energy exploitation
2.2. Pollution of environmental components
2.3. Waste production
2.4. Brownfields and brown-products

3. Environmental compliance
3.1. Renewable energy sources
3.2. Low carbon technologies

“Smart spaces design” (30 ore)
1. Design environmental system
2. Design performance/requirements
3. Integration and automation in design
4. Indoor Environmental Quality
5. Energy efficiency
6. Accessibility and security
7. Interactive design
8. Design stages

“ICT for smart products” (60 hours)

1. The Internet of Things: An Overview
1.1. The Technology of the Internet of Things
1.2. Design Principles for Connected Devices
1.3. Affordances

2. Internet Principles
2.1. Internet Communications: An Overview
2.2. The IP Protocol Suite (TCP/IP)
2.3. HTTP, HTTPS and Other Application Layer Protocols

3. Prototyping Embedded Devices
3.1. Electronics
3.2. Sensors
3.3. Actuators
3.4. Embedded Computing Basics
3.5. Microcontrollers
3.6. System-on-Chips
3.7. Choosing the right platform

4. Developing on the Arduino
4.1. Some Notes on the Hardware
4.2. Cases and Extension Boards
4.3. Examples

5. Prototyping Software Online Components
5.1. Libraries and APIs
5.2. Cloud platforms and services
5.3. Custom network protocols

Didactic methods

The teaching method blends an initial part of theoretical lessons for each of the modules with group projects in the classroom about the topics covered. Constant revisions by the teacher helps to give the students an approach to the themes and methods of design-driven innovation. The common feature of the integrated course is that students will be guided to address a project based on the specific topics of the modules so that the skills of structured, sustainable, environmental and ICT design are gradually applied and learned. The themes will be possibly identified in collaboration with an external partner, such as industry, companies, and organizations and will have the characteristic of being a realistic case study. The teaching of the laboratory is planned and coordinated by the teacher of the characterizing discipline in collaboration with the teachers of each module, to ensure a fruitful interaction between the disciplines and avoid overlaps on the topics developed and educational overloads.
The design activities within the workshop will be developed by teams of students who are divided into multidisciplinary teams based on the cultural background. The external partner, if present, collaborates with meetings, workgroups and interacting with the teams in project flow.
It is also possible to use laboratories and equipment to create small prototypes through 3D printing and simple embedded computer systems such as the Arduino platform.

Learning assessment procedures

The aim of the exam consists in verifying the level of achievement of the previously indicated training objectives. The ex tempore exams are designed to provide an opportunity to apply the contents of the lessons and to verify the level of learning.
The exam will consist of an interview on the topics of the lessons, based on the material produced in the ex tempore tests and on the evaluation of a design report that describes the technical content of the work produced by each student in the design workshop. A project pitch aimed at verifying the students' communicative skills will be prescribed.
There will be a single mark for all the lectures inside the STS course.

Reference texts

• Karl Ulrich, Steven Eppinger, “Product Design and Development” , McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN-10: 0073404772
• Richard Budynas, Keith Nisbett, “Shigley's mechanical engineering design" McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN-10: 0073398209
• R. Mead “The Design of Experiments, Statistical Principles for Practical Applications”, Cambridge University press, 1990.
• Mechatronic Systems, R. Isermann, Springer-Verlag London, 2005, ISBN 978-1-85233-930-2
• Wolfgang Wimmer, Rainer Zust, Ecodesign pilot. Product investigation, learning and optimization tool for sustainable product development, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003, pp. 109;
• Kean Yeang, Ecodesign. A manual for ecological design, London, John Wiley, 2006, pp. 499;
• Johnson, A. Gibson, Sustainability in Engineering Design, Academic Press, pp. 442, 2014
• Jadhav Nilesh Y. (2016), Green and Smart Buildings Advanced Technology Options, Springer. ISBN-
• 97898110100028 (Available in handbook and eBook)
• Sinopoli J. (2009), Smart Buildings Systems for Architects, Owners and Builders, Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN-9781856176538 (Available in handbook and eBook)
• Sinopoli J. (2016), Advanced technology for smart building, Artech House 685, Canton Street Norwood, MA. ISBN-13: 978- 1608078653 (Available in handbook and eBook)
• Embedded System Design; Peter Marwedel, Ed. Springer, 2011, ISBN-10: 9400702566, ISBN-13: 978-9400702561
• “Designing the Internet of Things”, Adrian McEwen and Hakim Cassimally, Wiley ed., ISBN 978-1-118-43062-0
• Victor Papanek, Design for the real world. Human ecology and social change, Londra, Thames & Hudson, 1985;
• Victor Papanek, The green imperative. Ecology and ethics in design and architecture, Londra, Thames & Hudson, 1995;
• System Innovation for Sustainability 1, Tukker, Charter, Vezzoli, Sto and Anderson, Greenleaf Publishing, 2008 [ISBN 978-1-906093-03-07]
• J.E. Gordon (1978) Structures - Or why thinghs don't fall down, Da Capo Press, Isbn-10 0-306-812-83-5