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Academic year
Didactic period
Primo Semestre

Training objectives

The objectives of the course is to provide students with specific skills related to the disciplines of drawing and representation of spaces and objects. This knowledge is essential for the development of a complete and comprehensive training course in the field of product design and installation/setting-up.
The first approach to the discipline of drawing will focus on teaching traditional techniques of representation and then deal with digital representation and transfer knowledge of the necessary analog tools.
In this phase, the themes of the representation of the architectural space (interiors) and of the representation of the product according to the mechanical drawing regulations will be dealt with.
The outcomes of the representation work thus produced, will provide a working basis to create, in a following phase, a physical scaled model or mockup. The creation of a physical model is the meeting point between the ephemeral component of the project and the tangible reality of the realized model, revealing the structural problems and fostering a better understanding of the technological aspects as well as the stylistic ones.

- Basics and methods of the science of representation, from traditional to digital drawing: sketching, manual rendering, hand drawing, orthogonal projections, central and axonometric projections, shadow theory;
- Graphic norms and representation techniques through the evolution of traditional graphic and representational tools, up to the digital techniques of raster graphics and automatic drawing;
- Knowledge of methods and techniques for the realization of conceptual models and mokups at different scales of representation and conceptualization of the object-prototype;
- Knowledge of the application issues in relation to the scale of representation, the requirements of accuracy and precision;
- Definition of reference standards (ISO-UNI) for mechanical drawing and for the representation of interior spaces;
- Knowledge of direct surveying methods and tools, through the use of traditional tools and analytical photo straightening.

The student will be able to:
- Develop specific skills related to the disciplines of drawing and representation of geometry in space;
- Acquire the basic concepts of descriptive geometry;
- Begin to develop skills in the definition and articulation of forms in the graphic-visual and spatial design of objects and interior environments at different scales;
- Develop skills in the realization of graphic-representative material and prototypes.


Preliminary knowledge and skills required for the student to deal with the Drawing Laboratory are:
- good knowledge of the theoretical basis of traditional drawing;
- familiarity with analog representation tools;
- basics computer skills and good manual skills.

Course programme

The theoretical bases provided as reference will be those of the technical drawing, in relation to the representation of descriptive geometry (orthogonal projections), the reproduction ratios of the subject and its scale of representation in the methods of spatial representation (axonometric and prospective).
The teaching of the discipline through digital and computer techniques will focus on the creation of medium difficulty works, produced through the use of specific raster and vector software, selected from the most popular software packages on the market.
The lessons related to physical modeling will focus on the knowledge, understanding and spatial interpretation of a two-dimensional technical drawing for the design of models and prototypes. Other lessons will focus on the creation of two-dimensional files suitable for the production of physical models.

Didactic methods

A part of the lessons, the theoretical ones that represent about half of the course, will be held in a frontal way, while the remaining part of the hours will be dedicated to practical exercises of drawing and physical modeling.
The theoretical lessons and the graphic exercises will be held in the classroom while the physical modelling activities (more than half of the hours of the course) will be carried out at Laboratorio Modelli (Phisycal Modeling Laboratory), where the students will begin to use the tools for the craft and to elaborate physical models with different levels of complexity, mastering the phases of the work and the tools involved. The laboratory is equipped with all the necessary equipment for the course, but does not provide consumables and small objects.

The teaching activity is therefore divided into:
- frontal lessons on theories and methods of representation (basic theoretical concepts illustrated by the teacher through lectures);
- practical exercises in laboratory mode of drawing and physical modeling;
- final exercise, organized by groups, aimed at the production of group and individual graphic works.

Learning assessment procedures

During the semester, students will carry out short regular classroom exercises on the topics covered during the lessons. The exercises carried out by the students, reviewed by the teachers during the course, once completed and integrated, will define the material for the final exam and will contribute to the definition of the final evaluation grade.
The exercises will focus on the topics of the course and will be carried out through tests relating to freehand, technical and automatic drawing, as well as the creation of physical models.
During the course, specific assessments reviews will be carried out on the materials produced in order to clarify to the student how to integrate or modify any gaps on them.

Reference texts

Bistagnino E. (a cura di), Disegno-Design. Introduzione alla cultura della rappresentazione, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2010.

Docci, M., Migliari, R., Scienza della rappresentazione, NIS, Roma, 1992.

Migliari R., Disegno come modello. Riflessioni sul disegno nell’era informatica, Kappa, Roma, 2004.

Lecture notes provided by teachers.